Lab/Services

6R3B9447

With its own research and analyses Laboratory, Pakelo offers high-level technical consultancy, providing clients with qualified and flexible support.

PakeloLab is an extremely well-equipped laboratory – among one of the best in Europe –, dedicated exclusively to lubricants. The research centre is part of Pakelo Global, a group that provides consultancy services in the research and diagnosis of lubricants sector.

The PakeloLab samples oils from the machinery or vehicle and carries out a rapid, in-depth analysis of the lubricants. After which, via a process of predictive maintenance controls of the overall state of the mechanic parts, forecasts the potential problems due to wear and tear and malfunction of the various components.

Research/Development

6R3B9419

Pakelo’s Research and Development division continually updates the range of lubricants, to ensure that each product complies with the strictest specifications of the manufactures and the regulations imposed by the ever-increasing national and international regulations.

Through the analysis of the sampled oils, the Pakelo Laboratory will monitor the condition and function of the machinery and predict any eventual wear and damage.

The Pakelo Research and Development Laboratory works in strict partnership with each customer to pinpoint the various individual needs and to study and develop bespoke products for each specific application.

Diagnosis and Tests

6R3B9429

Thanks to the support of laboratory analysis Pakelo is able to make an accurate diagnosis and correct the situation.

Currently, PakeloLab works with a wide variety of different clients, operating with maximum professionalism and proficiency in diagnostic interpretations, with the added advantage of state-of-the-art instruments and a vast, continually updated data base, acquired over decades of activity

Consultancy and Training

6R3B4322

Pakelo provides technical advice and training to the highest level. Thanks to the experience gained and chats in 80 years of business is able to offer effective and appropriate solutions for every need.

Pakelo organizes training and technical meetings on lubricants to know the right technological know-how on the lubrication and offer the best solutions.

Pakelo it is able to organize training courses and conferences to deepen the theme of lubricants, according to customer needs.

Instruments

I.C.P. (ASTM D 5185)

icp

The lubricant works deep in contact with metal surfaces of mechanical components thus it incorporates all the released wear elements. Through this instrument this content is measured in ppm (parts per million).

These values give indication on lubrication and mechanical parts conditions. This determination also helps to understand the additives depletion.

Wear Elements
Additivation Elements
  • Iron

  • Boron

  • Copper

  • Barium

  • Chromium

  • Calcium

  • Aluminium

  • Magnesium

  • Lead

  • Sodium

  • Silicon

  • Phosphorus

  • Zinc

  •  

     

    Other Metals

  • Manganese


  • Molybdenum


  • Nickel


  • Tin


  • Titanium

  • Viscosity (ASTM D 445)

    viscosita

    Kinematic Viscosity

    This parameter determinate inner friction of the oil and gives indication on Hydrodynamic Floating Capacity.
    The value is obtaied by measuring the time to flow throught a calibrated capillary.

    The measure is made in a thermostatic bath at the temperature of:

    40°C -> Class ISO

    100°C -> Classification SAE

    FT-IR (ASTM E 2412)

    ftir

    Spectrum

    Determination of the organic composition by a Infra-Red spectroscopic analysis. The instrument is equipped with a new Software specific for the analysis of used oils J.O.A.P. Method (Joint Oil Analysis Program)

    A single IR measurement will provide information about the level of the following parameters in the oil:

  • water


  • glycol


  • fuel contamination


  • nitration


  • oxidation


  • sulfonation


  • soot loading

  • anti-wear additive depletion

  • C.C.S. (ASTM D 5293) and BROOKFIELD (ASTM D 2983)

    ccs

    Cold-Cranking Simulator

    They are used for the evaluation of viscosity at low temperatures for engine lubricants (C.C.S.) or transmission lubricants (Brookfield).

    HT-HS (ASTM D 4683)

    hths

    The scope of the analysis is to measures the chemical/physical properties of different lubricant solutions under extreme shear rate conditions and at different temperatures.
    The instrument has been designed to best simulate working conditions in all those parts exposed to high film fluid shear rate as it is common to rings/liners and connecting rod-crankshaft/bearings

    Standard conditions (ASTM D 4683): T = 150°C / Shear Rate = 1.000.000s-1

    Air Release (ASTM D3427)

    air

    Air Release time.

    All lubricants due to mechanic shaking entrain air: this is bad for the lubrication and for the incompressibility of the fluid.

    In modern hydraulic systems the decantation period is reduced and it is important to guarantee rapidly air release.

    The test is based on the density change measured with an electronic balance.

    Foaming (ASTM D892)

    foaming
    The test determinates the foaming characteristics and collapse time in lubricating oils.

    Possibility of evaluating the foaming tendency of engine lubricants up to 150°C

    T.G.A.

    tga
    Weight Loss measure of different molecular fraction of the lubricant.
    Also available in connection with FT-IR instrument for the detection of kind of evaporating substance

    Noack (ASTM D5800)

    noack

    Evaporability/ Thermal-oxidative stability

    Evaporative loss by thermal stress under vacuum.

    It also measures the thermal-oxidative stability of base stocks and additives.

    Particels counting (ISO 4406 / NAS 1638)

    DSCF0074

    Particels counting

    A laser beam projects shadow on photo diode. The electronic devices count and classifies the micro particles.

    Demulsibility (ASTM D1401)

    demulsivita

    Water separation properties

    Fluid is shaked with water. Time to separate from water is measured.

    K.R.L. (CEC L45-T-93)

    krl

    K.R.L. – Kinemati viscosity Relative Loss

    Possibility of evaluating the viscosity loss in service due to the breaking down of molecules with high molecular weight.

    Sonic Shear (ASTM D 5621)

    DSCF0079

    Ultrasonic Shear Stability Test

    Ultrasonic pressure wave brake the high molecular weight components. The Viscosity change is measured. It is evaluated in the absolute (cSt) and relative Viscosity (%) loss.

    Heat determination (ASTM E1269)

    cal1           cal2

    Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    Specific heat capacities are important for reactor and cooling system design purposes, quality control, research and development, …

    Test 4 Ball (IP 239)

    6R3B9506 6R3B9503

    Extreme Pressure and AntiWear properties

    On the points of contact of the different mechanic parts are developed very high specific pressures.

    The capacity to bear such specific loads and the anti-welding properties are essential characteristics in particular for trasmissions and hydraulic lubricants.

    S.R.V. (DIN 51834)

    6R3B9499

    Friction and wear in sliding contacts

    Determination of efficiency of lubricats and greases by measuring fricion, antiwear and exttreme pressure properties simulating real metal to metal sliding contact.

    E.H.L.

    ehl

    E.H.L. instrument for detection of film thickness (in nanometers) and friction coefficients when there is deformation of surfaces on contact point.

    Hertzian contact pressure analyses.

    Dielectric Strenght (IEC 156 / CEI 10-1)

    rig

    Dielectric Strenght

    Dielectric strength of insulating oils.

    Determination of minimum voltage to reach spark trough the oil mass.

    Dropping Point (ASTM D 566)

    punto di goccia

    Dropping Point

    Temperature to melt the thickener soap of the greases.

    It characterizes the chemical nature of the grease and limit the maximum working temperature.

    Cone Penetration (ASTM D 217)

    pen

    Consistency of the grease is measure by  penetration of a standard cone into the grease.

    TAN (ASTM D 664) e TBN (ASTM D 2896)

    tan tbn

    Measurement of Acidity and Alkalinity by dissolution and titration.

    Determination of Oxidation side products and residual life of engine lubricants.

    Pour Point (ASTM D 97)

    scorr

    Low temperature characteristic

    Minimum temperature to have fluency in tilted tube.

    Karl-Fisher (ASTM D 6304)

    karl

    Karl Fisher Coulometric titration

    Determination of water content in hydrocarbon based fluids using a Iodomoetric titration by Coulometric method.

    Flash Point (ASTM D 92 - D 93)

    IMG_3012 IMG_3016

    Temperature to develope a flammable mixture of air/hydrocarbons.

    pH and Alkalinity Reserve (ASTM D 1121)

    antigeli

    Intentional addition of Hydrocloric acid measure the capability to neutralize the acidity formed by decomposition of coolant components.

    Glycol content is measured thanks to a specific refractive index. This level gives information about freezing point of the water/glycol mix.

    Test bench

    bancopr bancopr2

    Recirculation Torque – high rotating Speed Test Bench for evaluation of power losses an always engaged single gear transmission.

    Analysis

    Laboratory

    Laboratory is equipped and dedicate to lubricant analyses for:

  • Research & Development


  • Consultancy


  • Quality control

  • Oil monitoring

  • Oil Analysis

    During their functioning, lubricants incorporate a whole series of elements that derive from the degradation of their same components or indicate presence of polluting elements such as silicon (dust).

    Prevent failures

    Oil analysis is made “to photograph” the state of a machine and/or mechanical part before a failure may occur.

    Intervening in time when the damage is still at an embryonic phase is essential.

    Results from analyses
  • know the exact state of mechanical parts

  • advise on preventive maintenance


  • increase the life of lubricated parts


  • prevent any possible damage and/or excessive wear


  • obtain considerable economic saving


  • optimize oil drain intervals


  • reduce costs for down time periods


  • guarantee greater efficiency of mechanical parts

  • Rich Data Bank

    Pakelolab benefits from a rich data bank, collected throughout decades of activity and constant updating with Constructors.

    The program is easy to run

    The sampling kit, consisting of a sampling pump, disposable tubes and bottles facilitate the sampling operation, also ensuring greater reliability of the levy avoiding spillage and maintaining a greater cleaning.